Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry and Petrochemistry National Academy of Science of Ukraine

Contacts

V.P. Kukhar Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry and Petrochemistry
of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

History of the Institute

V.P. Kukhar Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry and Petrochemistry was created in 1989 by merging Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry and Department of Petrochemistry of Institute of Physico-Organic Chemistry and Coal Chemistry of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR.

In 1983, at Institute of Organic Chemistry of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences, on the initiative of Valery Kukhar, new Compartment of Bioorganic Chemistry was established, which consisted of three units of the mentioned Institute (Department of Chemistry of Polyhalogenated Organic Compounds, Department of Chemistry of Pyrimidine Bases, Department of the Photosynthesis Chemistry) and Department of Protein Chemistry of Institute of Molecular Biology and Genetics. Investigation into chemical structure of proteins, peptides, nucleic acids and their components, chemical modeling of biological processes, development of the fine organic synthesis methods for obtaining biologically active compounds were approved by the Presidium of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences to be the main directions of the new Compartment activity.

In pursuance of the USSR government resolution "On Development of New Directions in Biology and Biotechnology", in 1987, Compartment of Bioorganic Chemistry was transformed into Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR.

The founder and head of the Compartment and the permanent director of the Institute during 1987-2012 was Professor Valery Pavlovich Kukhar, a Doctor of Chemical Sciences, a Full Member of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, the Honored Scientist of Ukraine, a laureate of the State Prize of Ukraine in science and technology, a laureate of the " Premio San Valentino Un Anno d'Amore”, honored with the Global 500 (UNEP) award, awarded with the International Arbuzov Prize in the field of organophosphorus chemistry, the author of 9 monographs and numerous papers and patents, the founder of a scientific school, from which 30 Candidates and 2 Doctors of Chemical Sciences have come out.


In the first two years of the Compartment activity, new departments and laboratories were organized: Fine Organic Synthesis, Nucleic Acid Chemistry, Peptide Synthesis, Structure and Function of Protein, Chemistry of Physiologically Active Phosphorus Compounds, Vitamin D Chemistry, Department of Pharmacological and Biochemical Studies, etc.

The mentioned units were located mainly in an Institute of Organic Chemistry building in premises with a limited area, which did not allow placing the scientific equipment and providing workplaces of the employees whose number was growing. Taking into account the expected development of the Compartment, the need to create a new laboratory facility was evident; therefore it was decided to build a new laboratory building with an area of 8,000 square meters.

The construction project was approved in 1987, and the building began in April 1988 and ended in September 1991.

Preparation of the construction site

The laying of a memorable capsule in the foundation

Construction work is completed

Sector of Petrochemistry was established in 1965 at Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR. The initiator of this institution and the first head was Viktor Stepanovich Gutyrya, a Corresponding Member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, a Full Member of the Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan, a Full Member of the Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, a laureate of the State Prize of the USSR in science and technology, the knight of 7 orders and 5 medals of the USSR, the author of 2 monographs and numerous papers and patents.


Viktor S. Gutyrya, the founder of the Ukrainian scientific petrochemical school, made an outstanding contribution to the synthetic ethanol and aviation gasoline technology as well as into fluidized-bed catalytic cracking and zeolite catalysis.

The main Sector task was to conduct research in the oil chemistry field. Two investigation lines associated with the use of new materials were initiated: zeolite catalysis and petroleum hydrocarbons separation on the zeolites. Sector of Petrochemistry was the first academic petrochemical institution in Ukraine and the only scientific unit in the Soviet Union dealt with the zeolites.

In 1976, Sector of Petrochemistry was subordinated to Institute of Physico-Organic Chemistry and Coal Chemistry of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR and, in 1981, was renamed Department of Petrochemistry.

For several decades, the employees of the Department have made some important scientific and technological developments into the oil and gas extraction and processing as well as into petrochemical processes. Petrochemists have great merit in the Chernobyl accident consequences elimination: in a short time they developed and introduced dust suppression, chemical and biological fixing of sand, and purification of sewage technologies aimed at reducing radionuclide transport beyond the accident zone.

In 1989, Department of Petrochemistry was subordinated to Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, which was renamed Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry and Petrochemistry of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR.

In 2018, Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry and Petrochemistry of the Academy of Sciences of Ukraine was renamed to V.P. Kukhar Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry and Petrochemistry of the Academy of Sciences of Ukraine.