Institute of Bioorganic
Chemistry and Petrochemistry
In the first two years of the Compartment activity, new departments and laboratories were organized: Fine Organic Synthesis, Nucleic Acid Chemistry, Peptide Synthesis, Structure and Function of Protein, Chemistry of Physiologically Active Phosphorus Compounds, Vitamin D Chemistry, Department of Pharmacological and Biochemical Studies, etc.
The mentioned units were located mainly in an Institute of Organic Chemistry building in premises with a limited area, which did not allow placing the scientific equipment and providing workplaces of the employees whose number was growing. Taking into account the expected development of the Compartment, the need to create a new laboratory facility was evident; therefore it was decided to build a new laboratory building with an area of 8,000 square meters.
The construction project was approved in 1987, and
the building began in April 1988 and ended in September 1991.
The laying of a memorable capsule in the foundation
Sector of Petrochemistry was established in 1965 at Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR. The initiator of this institution and the first head was Viktor Stepanovich Gutyrya, a Corresponding Member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, a Full Member of the Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan, a Full Member of the Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, a laureate of the State Prize of the USSR in science and technology, the knight of 7 orders and 5 medals of the USSR, the author of 2 monographs and numerous papers and patents.
Viktor S. Gutyrya, the founder of the Ukrainian scientific petrochemical school, made an outstanding contribution to the synthetic ethanol and aviation gasoline technology as well as into fluidized-bed catalytic cracking and zeolite catalysis.
The main Sector task was to conduct research in the oil chemistry field. Two investigation lines associated with the use of new materials were initiated: zeolite catalysis and petroleum hydrocarbons separation on the zeolites. Sector of Petrochemistry was the first academic petrochemical institution in Ukraine and the only scientific unit in the Soviet Union dealt with the zeolites.
In 1976, Sector of Petrochemistry was subordinated to Institute of Physico-Organic Chemistry and Coal Chemistry of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR and, in 1981, was renamed Department of Petrochemistry.
For several decades, the employees of the Department have made some important scientific and technological developments into the oil and gas extraction and processing as well as into petrochemical processes. Petrochemists have great merit in the Chernobyl accident consequences elimination: in a short time they developed and introduced dust suppression, chemical and biological fixing of sand, and purification of sewage technologies aimed at reducing radionuclide transport beyond the accident zone.
In 1989, Department of Petrochemistry was subordinated to Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, which was renamed Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry and Petrochemistry of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR.
© IBOPC 2000-2018